Earthquake Warning Systems


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How can we be aware of an earthquake before it happens?

Increased seismic activity in various parts of the world raises the need for better earthquake detection and warning technologies. In our country, which has lost many citizens in various earthquakes, it is very important to develop and use these systems.

Increased seismic activity in various parts of the world raises the need for better earthquake detection and warning technologies. In our country, which has lost many citizens in various earthquakes, it is very important to develop and use these systems.

The fault lines in almost every province in our country make us a risky country in terms of earthquakes. The bitter consequences of the 17 August 1999 earthquake, which was one of the most painful events in recent history and which affected nearly 16 million people directly or indirectly, have taught us bitterly that we must take great precautions against possible earthquakes. As a result, a possible earthquake in our country on fault lines could lead to major disasters.

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Benefits of an earthquake early warning system:

  • In the health, transportation, public and industrial sectors, previously determined measures against a possible earthquake may be implemented before the earthquake occurs,
  • Can protect safe areas before earthquakes to reduce injuries and loss of life,
  • The system can detect the earthquake in advance and automatically brake underground trains,
  • Airports may halt train, metro, tram services,
  • It could stimulate nuclear power plants, chemical and gas plants,
  • Could halt distribution of electricity, oil and gas,
  • The fire department can accommodate features such as getting relief vehicles ready, such as ambulances,

Example Of Japan:

detection system provided warnings to Tokyo residents about 80 seconds before the quake entered the metropolis. The government-run system is based on sensor sensors equipped throughout the island nation. The system can detect the earthquake in advance and automatically curb underground trains, alert hospitals and prepare doctors, fire engines, ambulances, etc.

Use Of IoT-Based Intelligent Earthquake Warning Systems

IoT-based earthquake warning systems in use in developed countries in today's world work by placing highly sensitive sensors near fault lines. They communicate with central servers via satellite, telephone, internet and other communication channels. The use of IoT-based early warning systems, which reduce cost and increase efficiency, instead of these systems, which have a huge cost, will spread this important technology, which is extremely important and directly impacting on human life

A study by a university abroad has resulted in a solution that uses the internet to connect thousands of earthquake sensors to a cloud-based server. Each sensor used includes an accelerometer that measures tremors and algorithms that detect earthquakes, and sends hundreds of signals per second when an earthquake is detected. Sensor data is gathered together between individual devices and processed by computational engines to determine where the Earthquake Center is located and where the seismic waves cause damage

The data is used in several ways. First, alerts are transmitted to the community via smartphone apps using cloud messaging services provided by Apple and Google. Additionally, information collected from all sensors in the geographic area is analyzed to provide a high-resolution assessment of earthquake damage in real time by first responders. Damage detection maps show relative damage in a community and allow first responders to serve areas that receive more damage first. Damage maps are emailed to fire departments within minutes of the earthquake and downloaded to battery-powered devices when power is cut. This information optimises emergency response by ensuring that help is delivered to places where it is most needed

distance between the user and the epicenter. Since seismic waves move at about 2 miles per second, if you live 30 miles from your Earthquake Center, you will receive a 15-second warning before the earthquake affects your location. Users of the alert system will have time to ensure safety. They can reduce infrastructure and casualties by shutting down public transport and factories before earthquakes arrive.

Independent sensors have been added to the Zizmos smartphone apps (Zizmos eQuake), which are available for free for iOS and Android. After downloading the app and installing it on the smartphone, an early warning is given based on the user's location. Developers at the company are developing capabilities to use the smartphone's built-in accelerometer and remake it to act as a seismic sensor. Sensor mode is only active when the phone is plugged into a charger to minimize battery consumption, and works only when the operator is running on Wi-Fi to avoid service charges

Importance Of Using IoT In Earthquake Warning Systems

Over the past 10 years, advances in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) have pulled the costs of motion-sensing sensors to less than a dollar. In comparison, conventional earthquake sensors cost thousands of dollars.

The most important benefit that the Internet of things will provide to us here is that it reduces sensor costs by a large amount.

The second major benefit is that internet connectivity is ubiquitous, enabling decontamination of sensors to cloud-based servers. Every second that passes, thousands of messages are sent from sensors to servers for analysis and alert. Data scientists are collecting data that was previously inaccessible, thus turning to the development of solutions that make our cities smarter and safer.

The IoT revolution is creating safer environments for us. Having a forward warning for an impending earthquake will prevent injuries and save lives. The use of low-cost sensors, internet connectivity and cloud services will ensure that countries that previously could not afford it will also have smart earthquake early warning systems.